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xx Q&A
April 26, 2016, 05:53:50 PM by Believe
Do typical office coffee machine filters its water, or is it just tap water in the coffee?

I know that some of the hi-tech coffee machines do have an in-built filter. However, since organizations are mostly stingy, it is very likely that the machine that you have in your office does not filter its water. It will be tap water that is either boiled or chilled. However, if it’s well heated, there shouldn’t be any problem to consume it. Enjoy!

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Why do Satan like to torture people in Hell?

I believe hell is of your own making, if you are cruel, and abusive that's how you will be treated. If you overly enjoy the good life while making others around you dig in the garbage for food, what kind of hell will you get when you die?

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What would you do if you could be invisible for a day?

Freak out people by knocking stuff off shelves and calling their name.
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Are there beam weapons accurate enough to neutralize rifle bullets while they're still in the air?

There are laser beams and particles beams with both very high energy and accuracy. But light and proton don't have much mass, so in the small time you have to stop a bullet, it won't do much. Also neutralizing flying bullets means hitting it in air. You can't easily redirect a beam in such a way that you can change it's focal point to exactly where that bullet is going to be, even if you know where that bullet is going to be. So no, no sci-fi laser weapons here.
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How do they vibrate an atom or molecules to get them occupying a higher dimension?

"Vibration" or "higher vibration" is a new age term as to how different parallel universes exist. But really Scientifically, we mean Higher energy states, heat, etc. The "New age" stuff refers to a "Concept" rather than actuality, that parallel universes exist because the matter in them is LIKE a "Different frequency" is to radio waves.----After all, "Solid" matter is an illusion created by opposing forces in the same type of matter, but is only WAVES at its ultimate form.

Scientifically, we may be looking at particle "Attributes" perhaps some waveform characteristic, "Frequency" is one, but also we may have "phase"," Polarization" and other wave attributes (in the matter) that might make the difference between matter of one universe and matter of the other.

Since only matter with the same attributes is "real" (interactive and "solid) relative to other particles, Those sets of matter with Matching attributes make up Universes, with stars, planets, galaxies, etc.---Indeed several sets may exist, in essentially the same space, and not be real relative to each other----Just as several radio "stations" (waves of different frequencies) may share the same air.----The only Universe that is "Real to us is the one the atoms of our bodies interact with.

So several universes may exist around us, just as real and vast as our own, but since the attributes of their matter does not match our own, they are not "Real" to us or each other.

This also explains some aspects of what we would call "Paranormal"----Temporary natural disturbances might cause the "frequencies" of parallel universes to "drift" and match our own (or vice versa)---We would then see the "overlap" from another universe, Scenery, even people and animals, for a little while. Usually with a "transparent effect (as they are not quite tuned to our matter) , but perhaps even absolutely SOLID if the tuning is dead on.----This would explain "ghosts", etc.---or what we take to be "ghosts" anyway.

This also would make worlds of "metaphysics" a possibility too--like "heaven" or "The Astral Plane", etc.

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How does the Dead Sea Scroll reconcile with modern Christianity when it said that reincarnation exist?

  The Dead Sea scrolls were discovered in 1948, packed in large clay jars in caves. The parchments had been wonderfully preserved due to the incredibly dry atmosphere since they were put there, a couple of hundred years before Jesus was born. This makes them around 2,200 years old.

None of the autographs of the Bible remain – those being the original manuscripts for the 66 books of the Bible. But because the Dead Sea scrolls were written BEFORE Jesus was born, they could not possibly contain any of the New Testaments writings, for they had not yet been written!

So they have some parts of the Old Testament writings. They have all of the scroll of Isaiah, and some Psalms. They have lots of mundane documents that have nothing to do with religion. They do have religious writings and historic papers on the time after the last book of the OT was written (Malachi’s prophecy, about 400 BC). There were liturgical and philosophical texts with some commentaries on the OT. But none of those extra-biblical documents were ever viewed as holy scripture by the Jews.

A compilation of disparate old manuscripts, some of which mention reincarnation, has no bearing on modern Christianity. But those parts of the Dead Sea Scrolls that ARE part of the Old Testament bit of the Bible are in total harmony with modern translations of the O.T.

This leaves the book of Isaiah (complete) and some of the Psalms to compare with what we have today and they are virtually identical. The writings discovered were produced by some Jewish separatists living at Qumran during that 400 year period. They were written in Hebrew.

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Do lions give chase when you run past them on a sport bike?

Paint yourself like a gazelle and let us know.
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What's the quickest way to turn $50 into $500?

Use that $50 for gas and an outfit for a job interview
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If there is a God, then who creates God?

 The Christian and biblical definition of God is that He is the uncreated First Cause, the uncreated creator of everything created.

You have to have a First Cause, otherwise it's turtles all the way down, or gods all the way up.

Those ancients who thought the earth was supported on the back of a turtle had to have a turtle underneath it, then another turtle underneath that one, ad infinitum. So with a notion of a god who, in turn, needs to have an older god who created him... Eventually you have to face up to the fact that there must be a First Cause.

Sadly, everyone who asks this question about 'God', fails to define the 'God' they mean. Until you define who this God is, the question cannot actually be answered. It's like asking "How long is a piece of string?" Show us the piece of string, and then we can answer the question. Define this God you want to know about. But when Christians state that their God is the uncreated Creator of this universe and all life in it, the question vanishes, because the answer is right there in the definition.
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How come Jupiter never solidify itself like a normal planet?

 First of all, you need to tell us what is a "normal" planet according to you. There is nothing like a normal planet. If you wanted to say "Earth-like", spell it out clearly, damn it !

At Earth distance the KE of the atmospheric gases is so high (energy received by Sunlight radiation heating) that only a thin, flimsy atmosphere of a hundred miles or so seep, is possible . At Jupiter distance from the Sun, with ⅟27 ͭ ͪ of this energy & increased gravity (22.88 m/s² as against Earth's 9.78 m/s²) more gases are retained that make up the bulk of that planet.

Underneath those massive atmospheric layers the pressure gets so high that the gases even get liquefied (which we can neither see nor infer) or some might be solidified (we neither see nor infer) still below.

So, solid Jupiter is possible though hypothetical - but with a humongous overburden of mostly poisonous gases (as we step out of Earth environment everything is "poisonous" by definition , but that is perfectly "normal" as Life is an "abnormality").
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Why doesn't gravity exists at the atomic level?

It does, and it continues to exist well below the Atomic Levels.

The affected path(s) of Bosons proves that gravity is in play down at that level, as well.
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How do astronomers indirectly measure the temperature of the sun?

The sun radiates as a blackbody spectrum, so the Stefan–Boltzmann law tells us the temperature relation based on its luminosity.
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Why is it so hard to turn lead into gold even in modern time?

Turning Pb into Au requires removing 3 protons, 7 neutrons and 3 electrons from the Pb atom. This requires an atomic accelerator to split the nucleus, and it is extremely difficult to selectively split off only 3 protons and 7 neutrons leaving exactly 79 protons and 118 neutrons in the nucleus of the atoms without also forming many other P + N counts.
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Why do souls incarnate human bodies to learn life's lessons? Why can't it be done in the spirit world?

Ethereal Realm is High Vibratory Plane 6D and over. Material Realm is low vibratory plane hence 3D. Everything is slow in 3D and the character we exhibit speaks clearly what vibratory level we are in as say a Frequency. We cannot even think and speak base on a collective goodness of One.

We have two main division of bodies. The Subtle and the Gross Bodies. The Subtle being in First Highest Vibration is what is called Higher Self, or the Spirit. It exist outside of our plane but retain a link known as the Chords. 2nd Highest is the Spirit which is the manifestations of the Spirit in the Material Realm. It exist as a conscience and in suspended in Akashic. It is the recorder or all that is in Gross Body Experiences.

The Gross, being the dense of 3 is subdivided to another 3. The Mind Body or the Mindstream/ Consciousness (The one that Experience). The Emotional Body or Pain Body ( extension of the experiencing body as Sensory Body), and the Physical Body (The Physicality of all experiences).

Now why you are incarnating. Because you are trying to learn how to be Alive, than mere existing. You are subdivided because your truest essence is so high that the Human Vessel (Adam Kadmon Light Body) cannot support. Only the essential aspects are incarnated being the Mindstream, or the Spark. You are dwelling in limitations because you have to learn to adapt to such limitations. To learn how to do things manually than having to just order like so as a God. You are a collective of consciousness of the same One, in the Unity of the Whole expressed in exponential of possibilities.

You are not always you. If you are Atheist today, you will be religious in another. Why? Because you have to learn all opposites to understand not just one side of positive and negative, but to be all encompassing knowing. To be worthy of the Power you have to know when not to use same Power. And the more you desire Power the more it will be illusive.

Everything terminates with your Consciousness, without it nothing matters.
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How long can an abandoned weather satellite stay in earth's orbit if no one is bringing it down?

 Weather satellites are in geosynchronous orbits, so that they view the same portion of Earth's surface all the time. Those orbits are far beyond the upper reaches of the atmosphere, and are permanent unless intentionally moved.

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How do you trade a bird in the hand for 2 in the bush?

Insider trading
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Can a F-22 fighter plane fly into orbit on a one way mission?

The aircraft limits are somewhere around 100,000 - 120,000ft altitude and maximum speed 1500 MPH or 2400 KPH.

Low earth orbit is classed as above 160KM Altitude; 520,000ft (Anything lower will still be in atmosphere and be slowed).

The velocity required to achieve that orbit is over 8KM per second or around 30,000 KPH.


Conventional jet engines run out of air far below orbital levels, that's why rocket engines are used that are not reliant on air for combustion.
Jets can be used part way, but a rocket system is needed for the higher altitude part and a lot of the overall energy input it to get the orbital speed rather than just altitude.

Some of the old "X Plane" test flights achieved Orbital or "Space" altitude, but they did not attempt orbital speeds and the planes landed relatively close to takeoff.

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What did you do for a living in your past life?

 I was a badass assassin with about 200 kills when I was finally caught and tortured by MI5. They shot me when I tried to escape :(
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How do you make God laugh?

Tickling, usually.

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How deep do you have to dig a tunnel to survive a B-52 air strike?

The Mark 84 has a nominal weight of 2,000 lb (907.2 kg), but its actual weight varies depending on its fin, fuze options, and retardation configuration, from 1,972 to 2,083 lb (894.5 to 944.8 kg). It is a streamlined steel casing filled with 945 lb (428.6 kg) of Tritonal high explosive.

The Mark 84 is capable of forming a crater 50 feet (15.2 m) wide and 36 ft (11.0 m) deep.

It can penetrate up to 15 inches (381.0 mm) of metal or 11 ft (3.4 m) of concrete, depending on the height from which it is dropped, and causes lethal fragmentation to a radius of 400 yards (365.8 m)

so 100 meters is safe
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How did the Stuka dive bombers knock out T-34 tanks when the Wehrmacht has to use the 88mm flak gun to penetrate its armors?

 I am not an expert on the matter but my father was a Belgian pilot during WWII and, from what I understand, the Stuka was equipped with an incendiary bomb that perhaps didn't penetrate the armor but fried people inside the tanks.

Incidentally, I own and fly often a Kitfox III aircraft that has flaperons, the same type the Stukas had. It is a combination of aileron and flaps. The advantage is that, as the air is pressed over the surface by the wing since it is detached from it, the aileron/flaps stalls after the wing itself. It gives very good roll control at low speed. The Kitfox is known for its STOL capacity.

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If Hitler had decided to surrender to the Allied in 1944, would that have saved East Germany from going to the Russian?

No - the Allies would have insisted on unconditional surrender, and keeping the Soviets out of the occupation of Germany would not have been politically possible.
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What's the function of those rectangular nozzles at the tip of German WW2 main tank guns?

I'm attaching a link to a photo of A Pzkw VI Tiger I; by "rectangular nozzle' at the tip of the main gun you are referring to what is known as a muzzle brake - and I'll happy tell it's function

Imagine firing a shotgun; everyone knows to steady yourself lest the recoil knock you on your butt... main guns being the same and the larger the calibre the greater the recoil. Guns like the Flak.88 are anti-aircraft cannons; huge guns - very high velocity - mass recoil.
One of the main contributors to recoil is the expulsion of the propellant gasses out the front of the barrel as the projectile exits; the gasses shoot straight forward so the counter-effect is the barrel recoiling back into the turret. But, if as the projectile exits the barrel the gasses are permitted to vent, you get less recoil.
That's what a muzzle brake does, vents the gasses sideways out the barrel [muzzle] thus dampens [brakes] the recoil - less recoil.. you can fit a bigger gun on a tank without having to increase the size of the turret.
Hope that helps :)

Artillery using a muzzle brake; you'll notice many assault rifles and such have little mini versions of muzzle brakes too.

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Does reindeer meat tastes better than regular venison?

I had it in 2 ways on a trip to Sweden many years ago, and I found it the same, as chef here in Canada, I cooked it, moose, deer, caribou and muskox in the hotels I worked in, Reindeer is farmed like cattle and most venison on the market, wild shot is rare.
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Did captured officers receive better food rations than the rest in either German or Russian POW camps during WW2?

In German camps, officers were separated from junior ranks, in camps usually bearing the title 'Oflag' and generally had marginally better food and considerably better living conditions.

Russians separated officers, but the conditions in an officers' camp were no better than a junior ranks' camp EXCEPT in the case of officers regarded as potentially useful (eg capable of being 'turned round' to broadcast for the Russians).
Source(s):
Russian camps - my father in law served in a German anti-Nazi unit of the Red Army under Walter Ulbricht. Part of their job was to identify potential anti-Nazis among German prisoners.
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Do dead enemy tank crews still trapped inside their machines get removed and buried immediately after a WW2 battle?

 'immediately'? not always. Graves registration people came along behind to do that but, rather obviously, didn't do so until the battlefield was safe enough and they weren't busy elsewhere with allied soldiers' bodies.
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Was there ever any castle fortification that manage to survive a siege by the Roman army?

The walled city of Hatra in the Near East twice resisted the Romans at the peak of their power. First it survived Trajan's attempt and a century later it withstood the army of Septimius Severus. Hatra was a strong citadel.
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How come the 19th century Royal navy can fire its cannon shot every 90 sec, but it took the French the whole 5 min to do it?

The Royal Navy sailed the oceans and seas of the world and saw lots of action - it was the senior service in the British military,and regarded as far,far more important than the army by the government. Britain also had a seafaring tradition (being an island nation) so there were always plenty of experienced sailors to serve in the Royal Navy in wartime.

The French navy was always a poor relation to the French army.No French ruler ever really understood seapower properly,nor how to use it.The navy thus got,in terms of resources (including manpower) what wa sleft over after the army had got its needs.

Additionally,the French lost their Mediterranean fleet (with their best sailors) at Aboukir Bay in 1799.After that,the French naval forces remaining were either bottled up in port by British blockades or,when they did get out to sea,were fleeing pursuing British fleets.They thus got little chance for action,and thus were far,far less experienced in gunnery than their Royal Navy counterparts.

All of which is why Royal Navy sailors had a much faster rate of fire than French navy gunners.

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Are nice humans smart enough to imitate human in opening locked doors with keys?

Some are. Orangutans, for example. tend to be good with "tools," which would include things like keys.

Someone once said that if you put a tool into a gorilla's enclosure, he'll ignore it. If you put it into a nice humananzee's enclosure, he'll play with it. If you put it into an orangutan's enclosure, he'll start trying to figure out whether he can use it to escape the enclosure.

And the chances aren't bad that he will be able to do exactly that.
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Is Phoenicia the place where the Gallic tribes originated?

No. They were Celts. The Celts originated in Central Europe.
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Can electrons further composed of subatomic particles?

No, an electron is a lepton, which is considered an elementary particle of matter. It's the first generation lepton, the others being the muon and the tau particles. All of them are leptons, and are elementary. Leptons are defined as particles that can exist alone, as opposed to quarks, which cannot exist alone. Just thought I'd throw some extra information in there.

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Which army in the world has the best MRE?

First, the term MRE is fairly new. In the '50s we had "C" rations and "K" rations. The "K" rats were highly concentrated and suitable only for survival purposes. The "C" rats were things like chicken and noodles in a can. It was kind of like eating a can of Cambell's soup without heating it. The canned fruit or fruit coctail wasand is very much like the canned product of today. The biscuit was a hard as a hockey puck and had no significant taste. Overall they were not too bad, but nothing you would want to wait in line for. "C" rations always included a pack of Lucky Strike Cigarettes and a book of matches. How times have changed.

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How did they handle POWs captured by the thousands during the Napoleonic wars?

Thousands of French prisoners of war were kept in rotting hulks (ships that were still afloat, barely, but unable to sail). This policy was deemed unsafe so a specially-built prison camp was built on Dartmoor, the camp eventually became a prison for convicts after the POWs were repatriated in 1815. Dartmoor was also used to hold American POWs from the 1812 war.
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Which was worse for the Allied Navy, German Stuka dive bombers or Japanese Kamikaze planes?

depends on the level of airman skills of the respective two.

you may want to notice that Pearl Harbor did not involve any kamikazes BUT it involved a whole lot (two waves) of dive bombers of comparable performance (Val)
YET, it took a skilled and trained aviator to operate a dive bomber (of any production) effectively- and it took other skilled aviators to escort the bombers to the target.

sweeping Stuka under the rug with label "obsolete design" is simple yet short sighted. Stuka was no worse than Dauntless, well, bar the fixed undercarriage.

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Is it possible to break up the Roman tortoise formation by showering them with flaming arrows or burning torches?

The Parthians around 53 BCE at Carrhae didn't need FLAMING arrows just good ones, capable of penetrating shields and armor. A steady heavy barrage of such arrows devastated the legions of Crassus.
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Can 18th century cannons be neutralized by having crack infantries advancing behind an extremely thick lead shield?

It would require considerable manpower,which would have to advance in front of the main body of troops and thus get in the way of them doing anything effective.18th century armies were relatively small,and this would also have been seen as a waste of available manpower.

Further,solid shot cannonballs worked by bouncing across the ground in high arcs,NOT by traveling at a level angle straight into the enemy.Many cannonballs would thus bounce over the lead shield and hit the troops behind anyway.

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Does the P-51 engine compartment provide sufficient armor to shield its pilot from 6 o'clock bullets firing from a pursuing enemy aircraft?

the Rolls Royce Merlin engine was in front of the chickenpit

It was the radiator that was behind...hence that noticeable scoop under the chickenpit.

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Was Napoleon's wife, Josephine, really a lucky charm for him career wise?

 Napoleon thought she was, and that was good enough for him until he thought his glory needed him to sire a successor. He said as much, that in marrying Maria Theresa, "I married a womb."

Josephine knew the right people. Barras gave Napoleon his start, and Josephine was Barras' mistress. She was very influential for him. She charmed people into supporting him. She was the widow of an aristocrat, who was also a prisoner of the Revolution, who survived the Terror, who was the best friend of Therese Tallien, the mistress and later wife of the man who denounced Robespierre and ended the Terror. And Josephine knew how to beg for favours and get them. Marrying Josephine rubbed off some of her grace and charm and good fortune onto Napoleon.

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Could Hannibal have won the second Punic war had he stormed the city of Rome after the battle of Cannae?

He didn't have the siege weapons so it's a moot point. Maybe he could have starved them into submission but he would have had just as much difficulty feeding his own army. His plan to dislodge Rome's Italian allies probably had the best chance of success, in my opinion.

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Why couldn't Napoleon shelter his Grande Armee inside Moscow during the winter of 1812 to save them?

 The Russian general Mikhail Kutozov who was a really old wardog, he'd been shot in the eye and survived to many doctors horror. Had a plan originally for Austerlitz which was to Draw back to Ryssia and draw Bonaparte into Russia just when the winter hit. However Tsar Alexander was a glory hog and thought that he could easily destroy Bonaparte which led to their defeat. However now Kutuzov had a plan to give Moscow to Bonaparte but almost level it to the ground and take all the rations of food. So he couldn't live off the land and it was very very unbearable conditions in Moscow. Which gave Mikhail plenty of time to organise an ambush and many French died retreating from Russia either from Russian Muskets, cold or hunger. If he'd wanted to conquer russia he would have had to have done it very quickly. Hitler couldn't even conquer Russia quick enough and his army was more efficient that Napoleons.

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Why didn't Napoleon invade Russia in February instead of June to hedge against Winter condition?

Napoleon attacked with 600 000 soldiers and already lost 150 000 in summer before invading Russia.
And Napoleon retreated in October 19th, because Russians burned all Russian supplies and his army would starve.

Winter has nothing to do with Napoleon's defeat. It's a British propaganda. Just like the real size of Napoleon was (168 cm) 5.51 feet tall, not (160 cm) 5.2 feet. But since French inch is higher than British, they spread the rumors that he was a midget.

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Which item makes better firewall against bullets, tree blocks or sand bags?

Sand Bags all day, wood blocks (depending on the wood used) just tend to crack and shatter and go through them eventually, whereas sandbags dont have planes to break along due to the physics of how sand works on impacts
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How come 17th century sea pirates never could escape the British navy even though they they had access to fast ships?

 Napoleon once said " an Army Marches upon it's Stomache "

translation the army had to be fed regularly and as such without adequate resouces the army simply wasn't

Pirates also had to eat and go to places for relaxation and spend their Plunder

Kingston Jamiaca was a really hot Pirate hang out in the age of Piracy

so at any given time a Royal Navy Raid on Kingston could nail half a dozen ships and the associated parties of interest

" you can run but you can't Hide" was as effective then as it is now

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Can artificial selection produce dogs with bigger brain?

I'd have to say no to this one. You can, and should, breed for temperament and included in that is correct rearing to encourage good mental stimulation. It is possible to provide a puppy with as much as possible, by talking and interacting with them from a very young age. I had our litters indoors, and basically spent every waking moment with them, touching, playing when old enough, and generally talking to them.

Puppies left in a solitary situation with no mental stimulation will potentially be 'duller' than those who are encouraged to use their brains. Brain size, I'd suggest, isn't really relevant - it's how they USE the brain they have that matters.
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How did the Aztec indians extract gold from ore if they didn't know anything about science?

They did know something about science, even if it wasn't as much as we know now.

It was only within the past few centuries that anyone has really understood atoms or chemicals in the modern sense, and before that everyone who extracted metals did so without a good theoretical knowledge of chemistry. That doesn't mean, though, that they didn't necessarily know the various processes to do to get various results.

Many cultures knew about smelting and metal extraction, and they knew the steps to carry out to do it, even if they didn't necessarily understand why it worked. Kind of like how some plants are useful in treating various diseases and symptoms. It's only been recently that we've been able to extract and analyse the chemicals in these plants that do this and develop them into drugs, but you don't need to understand that to know which plants might be useful for which disease.

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Could a WW2 super-carrier be made impervious to dive bombers with a two feet thick steel deck?

Well, first of all, there was no such thing as a super carrier in WW2. The biggest carriers of that time were less than half the tonnage of a Nimitz class ship, which also doesn't have feet or armour, but maybe a couple of inches.

Any ship with a top coating of two feet of armour would either not be able to carry any weapons at all, or would be far too heavy to float.

And if your ship is impervious to dive bombing, what about torpedoes and heavy ship gunfire, which would come in more from the side than from above ?

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How come gravity alone can't hold together an atmosphere after a planet like Mars lost its magnetic field?

 It's not just gravity it's temperature as well. Let's put it this way, you want to get off a planet then you will jump in a rocket. The rocket will accelerate to what we call escape velocity where it can coast along without fear of falling back to Earth.

Now temperature is a measure of heat and heat is the internal movement of molecules. Molecules are constantly moving around and bumping into each other - sometimes the molecules bump into each other and transfer their speed so that one molecule slows down and the other molecule speeds up. Sometimes the faster molecules get to be so fast they reach escape velocity and leave the planet altogether.

This happens with all planets but the heavier the molecules in the atmosphere the longer it takes, the warmer the planet the shorter it takes and the more gravity the planet has the longer it takes for the atmospheric gasses to bleed away into space.

Would it were that simple.

There is the additional factor of solar winds which also strip gasses from the atmosphere. So the closer to the Sun a planet is the stronger the solar winds the more the atmosphere is ripped away. Stripping by solar winds is the main cause of Mars' thin atmosphere because the normal bleeding away of Mars' atmosphere due to the heat of the molecules and the low gravity isn't enough for Mars to lose its atmosphere as quickly as it has. Mars lost its atmosphere so quickly due to its lack of magnetic field.

This raises an interesting question though. How come Venus still has a thick atmosphere despite being hotter, closer to the Sun and about the same size as Earth and yet without the protection of a magnetic field. It is believed Venus is losing a lot of its atmosphere but volcanic activity on Venus is replenishing it.


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Is a homemade Batmobile street legal if it passed state inspection?

Every state has its own vehicle code. Commonly, they require bumpers, horns, lights, brakes, tail lights, turn signals and a few others. They may require a certain clearance (although my state does not). Some require doors and some do not.
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Could the whole Roman empire be conquered by five people armed with Tommy guns?

No. Five people with guns could certainly do a lot of damage but they wouldn't be able to take out the entire Roman army. They would need to, at a minimum, fight their way into Rome, kill the emperor, and then project their power across the entire empire, which just isn't going to happen. Apart from running out of ammo, eventually someone would get the drop on them. And on top of that, it takes more than killing the emperor- Tommy guns or not, they would still need to get the entire empire to obey them.

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Is it possible to brew your own alcohol while you're in the army?

Sure it is. Know plenty of guys who do their own beer, ale, hard ciders, and even wine. As long as you are over 21 and not selling it, you can brew your own, off base AND on base. There are no regs against doing home brew on base.
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Is it possible for a private citizen to camp permanently in a national forest?

No. Camping is only allowed in designated camping areas. And camping permits are generally limited due to the high demand for them.

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How come earth's orbital around the the sun doesn't create a sonic boom?

In order for a sonic boom to form, you need a medium for it to travel through. On Earth, it is air. Although there are trace amounts of gas in space, the medium is not dense enough (molecules are spread too far apart) for the sound shockwave to travel. So, no sonic boom in space.

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How do they punish two marines who got into a fist fight?

Depending upon the circumstances and possible injuries it can range from extra duty, light fines, and possible loss of a stripe or two. If the fight was more serious one or both could face a Court Martial.

The Marine Corps is all about strict discipline a military bearing. A breach of either is taken seriously.

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How would life be for an average person one thousand years from now?

People will have norvolux processors that enable them to sklane from nepi to nepi.

The will live in tantors that have integrated veldates.

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Has anything useful ever come out of space research for the past 50 years?

 List of NASA technology, spinoff technology that would not exist if not for NASA, and technology that NASA tech greatly improved:

all of the satellite technology
hydroponic gardening
forecasting weather events
memory foam
the microchip
gps
cell service
plasma screens
rechargeable batteries
the mri
microwave technologies
pharma and brain cancer improvements
ground processing scheduling system
semiconductor cubing
structural analysis
windows visual news reader
air quality monitor
virtual reality
advanced keyboards
database management system
laser surveying
aircraft controls
lightweight compact disc
expert system software
design graphics
enriched baby food
water purification system
scratch-resistant lenses
pool purification
ribbed swimsuit
portable coolers/warmers
athletic shoes
dustbuster
shock-absorbing helmets
smoke detectors
high-density batteries
trash compactors
food packaging and freeze-dried technology
composite golf clubs
quartz crystal timing equipment
microspheres
forest management
sensors for environmental control
wind monitor
telemetry systems
fire resistant material
radiation insulation
environmental analysis
noise abatement
pollution measuring devices
radioactive leak detector
digital imaging br east biopsy system
br east cancer detection
laser angioplasty
ultrasound skin damage assessment
human tissue stimulator
cool suit - for multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, spina bifida and other conditions
programmable pacemaker
ocular screening
automated urinalysis
medical gas analyzer
voice-controlled wheelchair
arteriosclerosis detection
ultrasound scanners
automatic insulin pump
portable x-ray device
invisible braces
dental arch wire
palate surgery technology
clean room apparel
implantable heart aid
bone analyzer
cataract surgery tools
magnetic liquids
welding sensor system
microlasers
magnetic bearing system
engine lubricant
interactive computer training
high-pressure waterstripping
advanced welding torch
gasoline vapor recovery
self-locking fasteners
machine tool software
laser wire stri pper
lubricant coating process
wireless communications
emergency rescue cutters
fireman's air tanks
self-righting life raft
doppler radar
lead poison detection
corrosion protection coating
robotic hands
studless winter tires
better brakes
weight saving technology
improved aircraft engine
advanced lubricants
the flywheel energy storage system
wing design for corporate jets
safer bridges
emission testing
airline wheelchairs
electric car
methane-powered vehicles
aircraft design analysis
Fitz · 1 year ago

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How can you tell if a pet dog has human soul?

They are very tuned in to your emotions

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How long can a starving person survive on boiled garden soil and shoes leather?

As long as a person is drinking, it takes a surprisingly long time to die. Hunger strikes have been known to last a couple months. And that's without any food whatsoever.

"In the first 3 days, the body is still using energy from glucose. After that, the liver starts processing body fat, in a process called ketosis. After 3 weeks the body enters a "starvation mode". At this point the body "mines" the muscles and vital organs for energy, and loss of bone marrow becomes life-threatening. There are examples of hunger strikers dying after 52 to 74 days of strike."

Eating soil might slightly lengthen the survival time, but it would depend a lot on the kind of soil.

Now, going without water - you're generally dead in about 3-4 days.
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Can modern artillery lob a shell into the middle of a backyard from 10 miles away?

The distance is not a problem. But hitting your backyard may well be.
The accuracy of fire reduces over large distances.
Wind and air density alter. And there is a certain randomness in the angle at which the shell leaves the barrel as well as some variance in the speed of the projectile.
I don't know what accuracy can be achieved over these distances.

In world war one Big Bertha had an effective range of 8 miles and by world war 2 the germans had produced guns capable of an effective firing range of 39 km.

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How come native American tribes didn't attack the US army on a rainny day where guns were useless?

First, rain didn't render even muskets useless, simply less effective. By the time of the invention of the cartridge round, rain was no longer a significant detriment to gunfire.

Second, rain generally impairs attackers more than defenders.

Third, native American tribes used plenty of guns themselves.

Fourth, native American tribes were often outnumbered anyway - battles like Little Big Horn were rare.

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What does dinosaur egg taste like?

Depends on the dinosaur. The meat eater eggs are gamy, but the herbivore eggs have a creamy yolk and taste pretty much like a glorified chicken egg.

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If a shark always has to swim, then how can it sleep?

They shut down the part of their sensory hemisphere that co-ordinates swimming movements.In sharks this is not located in the brain, but in the spinal chord. Thus, it is possible for an unconscious shark to swim.

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If you find a wallet with $500 cash, how much of it would you keep?

Honestly? None. A year later, your character will be more valuable than the crap you spent the $500 on. Additionally, imagine the great feeling the person who lost it will have when the wallet is returned. You have the ability to do that good thing, to make that person's day, to restore just a bit of faith in humanity. If it is lost and there is an obvious way to return it, do so. If it is just money lying on the ground and you have no way to figure out who owns it, then you might as well keep it.

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What's the first thing that people buy after they win a major lottery?

Well I don't know about other people's big spend, but when I win I will buy my mother a big house, then help the unfortunate, homeless and needy. Set up shelters .... maybe build a complex for homeless people who are determined to get back on their feet
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Is it legal to dig a backyard water well in your residential home?

Yes, you'll have to check building codes for your area.

Where we live (Florida) many people have "city" water, but a well to use for watering lawns and such.....but a cistern that collects rainwater for the same purpose is not permitted. At our home in Ohio, many have an individual well for their domestic use (drinking, cooking, etc) . . . those aren't regulated much, but must be inspected by the Health Department periodically and certified when selling property.

So you're at the mercy of local laws.

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Who will win this fight in an open battle field, a guy with 10 bricks or a dude with a pepper spray?

If he can maneuver himself upwind the guy with the bricks is the winner. Besides a brick has greater range than pepper spray and bricks are a renewable resource. Once the pepper spray is empty, that user is royally screwed.

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Can a Roman army be countered by throwing sharp nails or spines in the middle of their formation?

How the barbaric defeated them was with hit and runs and ambush after ambush.

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Can light photons exist forever in a vacuum?

Yep. They are eternal. So barring collision with something a photon goes on...and on...and on....

Which is why we can see all the way back in time to within roughly 380000 years of the big bang. That is, those 14 billion year old photons are still out there to be seen.

Turns out, according to the theory of relativity, if a particle goes the speed of light (you know, like light does...duh) its time rate relative to an outside observer's time will be zero. That is, time stands still aboard a photon. Thus it's eternal.

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Does orbital distance from the sun have an effect on earth's gravity?

 No, but the Sun's gravity adds or subtracts a few parts per billion from Earth's gravity at various locations on Earth's surface depending mostly on the time, but a bit on the season and latitude.

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Does an orange have enough mass to pull hydrogen molecules into its orbit in space?

In pure theory yes - in practice no.
The gravitic force is so small that a Hydrogen atom would escape if it was hit by a single photon.
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What's it like to stay for a day on top of Mt Everest?

Climbers don't stay at the top a whole day, they start descent within a few hours to arrive at a safer level for the night.

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What happen to a person if puberty never stop?

They will loose their virginity, no matter what because all they be thinking about is sex.

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How far can a bullet travel if someone fire it from a handgun on Mars?

A long ways. Mars has almost no atmosphere (~1% of earth), so the bullet is traveling in a vacuum. If a typical handgun shoots a bullet at 1000fps, aimed at a 45 degree angle upwards, a bullet will travel about 12500 meters, or 7 3/4 miles.

EDIT - I forgot. Mars has about 1/3 the gravitation force as on earth. That means my answer is way off too, about 1/3 of the true value.

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Can a bullet travel twice as far by doubling the length of the gun barrel?

 NO. The days of very long rifle barrels were related to Black Powder. The reason is the slow burn rate of old time Black Powder. The longer barrel allowed all the powder to burn completely, thus imparting optimum velocity to the departing projectile. In addition, the word rifle refers to a long shoulder fired firearm that includes a " rifled barrel " hence the word rifle is derived.

Now, in modern firearms we have much improved propellants. A wide selection of " burn rates " that we can tailor the velocity of the bullet to achieve the best accuracy. Through the years many tests, and developments have come about. Actually, the OPTIMUM barrel length as far as accuracy is a heavy contour barrel, around 18 " long. This reduces " barrel whip " a phenomenon that occurs when a shot is fired. The barrel of a rifle flexes. Having a consistent harmonic, and repeatable flexing each shot increases accuracy of the shot. This is what many modern rifle developments in mating the stock to the barrel have focused on.

Actually, ballistics, and firearm technology, is a very interesting subject. We know allot about it these days. Consider fr instance, what NASA does each time the send a rocket into space. How about landing on the Moon. That is simply the same as making a good shot. IMAGINE the " lead " ( how far ahead of the Moon they must " shoot " to meet the Moon perfectly ) Yep, that is ballistics at work

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How can time slow down at the speed of light when clocks have fixed gears?

Many different answers can be given yet they all reach the same conclusion.
You have heard of "relativistic mass"
As something gains energy then it gains mass.
So as the clock approaches the speed of light, relative to an observer, then the balance wheel has more mass as seen by that observer. And being heavier it oscillates more slowly so the clock slows down.
Any and every other physical process which takes time is affected by the law F=ma
higher mass-> lower acceleration.

This is only one out of many explanations.
But it might give you an idea as to why time slows down.
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How did they make fish hooks without using metal in ancient time?

Bone was a common material.

Stone age people weren't dumb. They made good use of what they had. If that was just a rock and a bone, they made a fish hook. Might have taken all day, but at the end of they day, they caught a fish.

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Can wrestling and jiu jitsu be neutralized by biting an opponent in a fight?

Dan Severn was once bitten in one of his amateur wrestling matches.

I've been bitten by newbies in training who REALLY didn't want me to put on a choke. The solution is simple: drive the forearm deeper into their jaw. Takes away the bite and starts to unhinge the jaw.

You might surprise a guy once in a while, but if they're a superior grappler, they're in a better position than you are to hurt you. Banking on them to be frightened enough to disengage is quite the gamble. After all, what's preventing them from biting you back? Or from tearing your arm off, or laying in some punches? I hear a lot of ignorant folks talking about, "bite the guy if he has you in an arm bar", but here's the thing: you're, at best, going to take out a quarter-sized chunk of skin, in exchange for probably having your elbow snapped. Now you're in a fight, down one arm, and the guy is pissed off at you for biting him. Not much of a win, is it?

I mean, use it if you have to, but it's better to actually learn some grappling yourself in order to neutralize grappling. That's the most effective way to train. The guys who are the best at defending take-downs are wrestlers, and the guys with the best submission defense are BJJ black belts.
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How come the Red Army didn't use more smoke grenades when they advance against German gunners in WW2?

1) Soviets didnt really go in for things like smoke grenades as they didnt have enough lethal weapons of war.

2) All major military operations back then were conducted during the day because they had no night vision. Large operations at night would be a cluster phuck fulk of fratricide and little chance of being successful

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Can the Führerbunker in Berlin withstand a direct hit from a modern bunker buster?

 No the Biggest and then Best Bunkers Built were at Wilhelmshaven the German sub Pens were Destroyed with subs Inside by the British 20,000 pound Bomb

the Bunker was Built with the Same engineering Systems and Concrete

the Damaged Hitler Bunker is Still there and the Holocaust memorial is Built over Goballs Bunker complex

i must thank my learned Friend Not Wilhelmshaven planned But never Built

Hamburg, 9 April 1945
17 aircraft of No. 617 Squadron, two with Grand Slams and the remainder with Tallboy bombs successfully attacked the U-boat shelters. The Grand Slams appear to have missed, but six Tallboy hits caused considerable damage.

from all the Damage I saw in Berlin and Hamburg there was Little that a Grand slam could Not destroy

there is a large Hill Mound along a Rail Line In Berlin part of the Berlin anti aircraft defence after Many attempts to destroy they used Rubble and Just Covered it up

today there are the Berlin Underground explorers

The area of the Reichskanzlei has been completely changed. It was in East Berlin, and the Communist government razed the ruins and leveled the area, which was near the Berlin Wall. However, the bunkers remained underground. But in 1988-89, apartment buildings were built on the site of the Chancellery and along Wilhelmstraße, and the bunkers were destroyed in the process.

The roof of the Führerbunker, which was reinforced concrete some 10 feet thick, was broken up and allowed to fall down into the rooms below, and the remains recovered.

These remains are now under a parking lot near the angle in the 1988 street named An der Kolonnade, which runs between Wilhelmstraße and Voss-Straße. looking toward the apartment buildings along Wilhelmstraße from the end of In der Ministergärten Straße, The bunker remains are beneath the parking area at the right side so still there But buried

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Who has a better life, a Roman emperor or a modern billionaire?

Probably a modern billionaire. As you can see from looking at American presidents for example, having that responsibility can age a person quickly as, no matter what, people don't like your decision. The weight was probably heavier for an Imperator actually ruling an empire and also being at high risk from not only foreign assassins of political ones, but your own elite household guard - the Praetorians (known for forcibly taking out emperors and installing their own). This also includes the Huns, barbarian invasions, and the Parthian/Sassanid Empire on their borders in the east. I don't think a billionaire has to even worry about a fraction of this...

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How did early riflemen compensate for their slow rate of fire against enemy armed with bow and arrows?

If you mean early handgunners then they didnt. Handguns and other firearms became popular for 2 main reasons 1.A bowman took a lifetime of training whereas a handgunner could be trained in a very short time.2 as handgunners started to be used armour had developed to the point where although it was horrendously expensive it couldnt be penetrated by muscle driven arrows however it could by firearms.When European armies later came across armies armed with bows Cannons were used together with combined attacks with cavalry or a rapid advance one volley and in with the bayonet.

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Who's more likely to win this fight, some dude with a a taser gun vs another dude armed with a mace sprayer?

 First...."Mace" has been obsolete for many years. It was essentially tear gas, and was quite ineffective. Our department issued the stuff back in the 70s, and promptly dropped it.

Perhaps you're thinking of the more modern substance, "Pepper Spray".

The Taser is essentially a one-shot item. If you manage to stick both darts in the target with your shot, he/she will be quite thoroughly disabled. and you can continue to apply the "pulse" once the darts are in. On the other hand, the range is only about 15 feet for most models, with about 9 feet being optimal. If the guy stands back.... You are likely out of luck.

Pepper spray varies wildly in range and spray pattern depending on the manufacturer and model. The best throw a strong, oily/viscous stream for about 20 feet. A good hit in the face area will render the victim essentially blind and in great discomfort.

I'd rather have the pepper-spray. (We use both.)

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Which gives you a better chance of survival, a knife fight against 10 pit bulls or a sword fight against a lion?

I would say a knife against ten pit bulls , the lion would just jump on you flatten you on the ground and then bite you no matter what you did with the sword.

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Who gets pay more in the US arm force, a navy seal or an Abrams tank commander?

Military pays (I like to use the word "Gross Income") do not only based on your paygrade & time-in-service; people in different jobs/positions receive different Gross Incomes. Ex: Do you really think that an Army Infantry Officer makes the same amount of Gross Income as an Army Doctor (if both of them are of the same paygrade and have the same time-in-service)?

I do not know about the tank commander. But Enlisted Navy SEALs, besides the Base Pay, BAH, & BAS, they also receive additional Incentive Pays each month:

SDAP: $450
Jump Pay: $165 (if HALO/HAHO, then it is $225)
Dive Pay: $150-$340
Demolition Pay: $150
FLPP: ranging from $125-$1,000/mo. depends on the language & fluency (to get $1,000, you'd better be very fluent in multiple languages).

Then, you will also receive the portion of the Enlistment/Re-enlistment Bonus that you did not receive yet (normally, you get half of the bonus up front, then the other half will be paid in monthly installments throughout the remaining length of your contract).

Additionally, as a SEAL, you may also receive additional pays during deployments such as Sea Pay, HDIP/IDP etc.

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Is it possible to light a candle at absolute zero temperature?

 To get the candle to light, you need enough energy to bring the wax to a temperature at which is melts and then to the point at which it vaporises and then burns. From 0 degrees Kelvin, that's a lot of heat for wax,

Then there's the getting of the energy to the candle....

So, theoretically, yes; practically, no.

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Why does alcohol warms you up on a cold day?

 It widens your veins causing more blood to flow through your body.

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How did people sanitize their drinking water during Roman time?

  On the whole they didn't. Roman-era cities were dependent on fresh water being brought in via aqueducts, from clean springs or streams fed by mountain snow melt often great distances away. There also could be aquifers or wells inside city walls that drew directly from the subterranean water table, which could very in cleanliness based on how much pollution saturated the nearby soil. Only the foolish would try to do much with the water in any river or stream running through the city, as it invariably carried all the population's sewage.

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What British surnames could be traced to their origin of ancient Romans settling in Great Britain?

 None of them. Surnames came in during the later middle ages.

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Were German MREs better than Allied MREs during WW2?

Both sides had several types of rations: survival, combat, and garrison.

There was no substantial difference between the survival rations used by either side. German combat rations were generally inferior to US combat rations throughout the war, both in variety and substance. As the war progressed, German combat rations grew worse in quality and substance. An example, American troops got a huge variety of canned meat of all types. Germans received tubes of meat and fish paste; paste that was made up of by products you don't want to know about.

Garrison rations are generally a mix of regular canned products and fresh foodstuffs. Initially there was no difference, but as the war wore on, the Germans found it increasing difficult to provide much of anything. Most German units foraged on the countryside to supplement their meager canned rations., and eventually received little more than combat rations as a rule - even in garrison.

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What's it like driving a Ferrari?

 Driving a supercar is an interesting ordeal.

the very first thing you notice is the height of the car when you sit in it. being extremely low, it can be uncomfortable for some to get in and out of a supercar especially if you are a large person (both tall and overweight can cause problems) as soon as you have sat down, things get better because you will find that the sitting position is quite fitting and you'll find that you feel right at home in the car.
as soon as you turn it on, you'll notice the huge growl from the engine, it wont feel shaky like cheap car.

I've only driven E gear supercars (R8 and F430 F1 though if i had the option of driving manual i would) but as soon as you engage first, you'll notice that the car wont creep forwards like a regular automatic. instead you will have to feather the gas to get it moving. the very first time this happens can be quite a scary experience since you wont know how sensitive the gas is. after you get it moving past a crawl and you actually start to accelerate, you instantly feel that you are in a fast car. immediately you will feel how much you accelerate with such little pedal movement. by this time you may also feel another interesting issue with supercars. they are uncomfortable. due to the extra stiff sports suspensions fitted to supercars, they feel very uncomfortable. every little bump in the road you will feel through your body. imagine riding on a racing go kart but on slightly deflated tires.
in combination with the super stiff and downright uncomfortable suspension you will notice that you are most likely carrying a lot more speed through corners. this is due to the lower center of gravity, better weight distribution and lack of body roll. your body will tell that the car has a higher limit and naturally you will use more performance. this increased sense of performance gets to the maximum on the highway. you will feel like your are driving very slow and in reality you are actually going quite fast. on the highway is where you will also notice the brakes. the brakes on a supercar need to be very good in order to be able to slow down from over 300 kph. a tap on the brakes in a supercar with the same fashion as a tap with a regular car will give you all the feedback you need to tell how much faster you can stop in a supercar. be sure to check your rearview mirror to keep people from rear ending you.

on the highway is where you will also get to hear the amazing engine powering your drive. unlike muscle cars that have an extremely deep grumble even while revving, a ferrari will have more of an operatic engine. it will scream rather than growl. it will be extremely happy to rev up quickly for you and unleash all the power behind it. if you get to floor it from a low speed (entering and merging into an empty highway) you will feel like you are riding an explosion.

Here you will also know what a good gearbox is. with an E gear transmission, you will be surprised at how incredibly fast the gearshifts are. the instantaneous drop in RPMs ready to be brought up the the eager engine will feel amazing.(while i havent driven a manual supercar yet i have driven a manual sports car and i cant imagine why the experience of shifting in a supercar would be much different)
past this information, comes the experience of ownership rather than a drive. you will see how much it costs to floor it in a fuel thirsty ferrari rather quickly but i think its worth it.

in both of my suercar test drives, i have never felt more at one with the road than any other times in a plethora of vehicles from german luxury sedans, american sedans, pick up trucks, SUVs, go karts, or even a regular sports car. nothing compares and you will remember your first time in a supercar your whole life.
if you live anywhere with a supercar rental agency nearby call them up and ask if they cal let you test drive for a fee. in my area i have http://exoticcartour.ca/ which let you go on 30 minute test drives. I highly recommend doing something like this.
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Were raccoons pet animals of some ancient civilization?

For many Native Americans, raccoon was sacred because he was human-like in washing his food.

Raccoon is also a trickster spirit in many North American tribes, particularly common in more light-hearted tales aimed at children. In some Raccoon legends he is portrayed purely as a mischief-maker, while the legends of other tribes focus on Raccoon using his cleverness and dexterity to escape from danger or acquire food.

Raccoons are also used as clan animals in some Native American cultures. Tribes with Raccoon Clans include the Muskogee Creek (whose Raccoon Clan is named Wotkalgi or Wotkvlke,) the Chippewa (whose Raccoon Clan and its totem are called Esiban,) the Chickasaw, the Shawnee, and the Menominee. Some eastern tribes, like the Lenape, Shawnee, and Iroquois, also have a Raccoon Dance among their tribal dance traditions.

Some tribes also ate raccoon.

As pets, though? NO. Native Americans did not keep pets. Life was too hard to support such luxuries. Animals were also held sacred and keeping them as pets would insult them.

Dogs were used in hunting. Wild horses were revered (who could not revere a wild horse, in any culture, at any time?) For the Native Americans, who revered the wild horses, they took great care in capturing and training them for practical uses, always mindful of the horses’ role in the spirit world. Domestic cats were not introduced to North America until 1492.

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Can the Roman helmet withstand a direct arrow attack com a composite bow?

That would depend on

the range - composite bows had an effective range (that is,the range where expenditure of arrows compared to the number of wounds/fatalities inflicted made a sustained barrage of arrows worthwhile) of about 100 yards maximum


angle of impact - Roman helmets were designed so that plunging fire would deflect incoming missiles (archers,even mounted ones,had to use plunging fire against targets of formed bodies of enemy troops if they wanted to hit anyone further back than the front rank,or loose their arrows from anywhere except the front rank of their formation)

Arrowhead composition - for example the Huns used arrowheads made of bone,the Parthians arowheads made of iron,the Sassassinds arrowheads made of steel.Decide for yourself which would have greater penetrating power.

The helmet was standard issue throughout the Roman army,and it was there to protect the wearer.If it wasn't doing so,it wouldn't have been much use,and would have been discarded as standard issue or redesigned.Fir example during Trajan's Dacian Wars,when it became clear that the Dacian falx was capable of cutting through the Roman helmet in close combat,Trajan had a new,reinforced design of helmet constructed and issued to all his Roman infantry and cavalry.
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Do millionaires really mow the lawns for billionaires?

Yes, if they're Mexican millionaires.

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Would there be a market for solid automobile tire?

Imagine the discomfort. And the loss of traction. And the damage to the rims/axles/bearings.

Solid tires went out of use for a good reason, back in 1888...90.

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Is there any military plane that can fly beyond the reach of the lastest Surface to Air Missile?

the SR-71 flew to high and fast to get hit by a sam.
If the aurora project is real you bet it would as well.
As for modern air craft- stealth cuts down the radar cross signature of the b-2 and F-35  that any speed and altitude would be out of the reach of SAMS
xx Things my kitten seemed to be saying to me
February 10, 2015, 07:55:29 PM by gaden
Why you looking at me like that?  Is it alright with you if I just lay here on your lap.  Is it OK with you? Why you think I look like batman? Just because of the ears? You punk?

xx test2 blog
November 26, 2014, 09:56:06 PM by gaden
test 2 blog

xx test blog
November 26, 2014, 09:46:12 PM by gaden
test blog



test kick
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